Ways to Prevent the Development of Cancer- Discussion
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The criteria of preventing the development of cancer under review include; early diagnosis, chemoprevention and biological prevention. In all the articles, early diagnosis was found to be highly effective in preventing the development of cancer. Chemoprevention was found to be highly effective in all the articles except the one written by sun and Pradella, where the criterion was found to be partially effective. The criterion of biological prevention in preventing the development of cancer was found to be partially effective in all the articles except the one written by Sun, and Pradella. The initially stated hypothesis of the study is, “it is believed that good nutrition and other factors can prevent the growth of cancer cells”. However from this research, it was found that the most effective way of preventing cancer development is early diagnosis, chemoprevention to a lower extent and biological prevention to the lowest extent.
Of the criteria to prevent breast cancer, early diagnosis was found to be the most effective, followed by chemoprevention and the least effective was biological interventions. This seems to counter the initially stated hypothesis, which states that good nutrition and other factors can prevent the growth of cancer cells. Therefore, early diagnosis seems to be the best criteria of preventing cancer because it improves the outcomes of cancer by providing of care at the earliest stage and hence it is the most important strategy in fighting and preventing cancer.
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Gagnaire, A., Nadel, B., Raoult, D., Neefjes, J., & Gorvel, J. P. (2017). Collateral damage: insights into bacterial mechanisms that predispose host cells to cancer. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 15(2), 109-128.
Pradella, D., Naro, C., Sette, C., & Ghigna, C. (2017). EMT and stemness: flexible processes tuned by alternative splicing in development and cancer progression. Molecular cancer, 16(1), 1-19.
Lukong, K. E. (2017). Understanding breast cancer–The long and winding road. BBA clinical, 7, 64-77.
Kessler, T. A. (2017, May). Cervical cancer: prevention and early detection. In Seminars in oncology nursing (Vol. 33, No. 2, pp. 172-183). WB Saunders.